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Lebanon Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (LBMS) – LEPIDOPTERA LIBANOTICA

Lebanon Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (LBMS)

Attribution: Zeynel Cebeci (Wikipedia Creative Commons)


Many people ask: why butterflies? I always answer them that besides butterflies being such beautiful, beneficial, and innocent creatures, they are also perfect indicators of the health of the environment. Studying them will provide insight into the threats and climatic factors effecting the environment. Butterflies are considered valuable bioindicators because they: 


  • have short lifespans
  • rely on particular plant species, or “host plants,” during their development
  • play a very crucial role in pollination and the health of ecosystems
  • are more sensitive to environmental change than other groups of animals
  • reflect changes occurring at a fine scale, breeding even in small habitat patches
  • represent a wide range of terrestrial habitats
  • are well-documented
  • are easy to recognise
  • are popular with people


The Lebanon Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (LBMS) was founded in the early summer of 2018 by Husein Zorkot. The LBMS is the first butterfly monitoring program in the country that will conduct long-term biomonitoring studies, monitor butterflies and other insects in all nature reserves and hima locations, determine the extent of environmental threats and climatic factors affecting butterfly populations, identify prime butterfly areas (PBAs) and key biodiversity areas (KBAs) in conjunction with the National Coordinating Group-KBAs, and guide butterfly conservation in Lebanon. The LBMS is now an integrated SPNL initiative and monitoring will commence in the spring of 2019 at all designated locations. Annual results of biomonitoring studies will be published regularly on this website, as part of the Atlas of Lebanese Butterflies.

Are you a student or volunteer participating in the 2019 Lebanon Butterfly Count? Please click below on the available training materials and documents. Visit this website regularly to receive updates, the latest news, and word on upcoming events.




Biomonitoring Type:


Fixed-Route Transect Butterfly Counts

      • Butterfly Transect Details Form (Form 100) Click here
      • Butterfly Transect Recording Form (Form 101) Click here
      • Butterfly Field Identification Sheets (Form 102) Click here
      • Butterfly Monitoring Field Materials (Form 103) Click here
      • Butterfly Transect Field Instructions (Form 104) Click here
      • Butterfly Monitoring Yearly Schedule (Form 105) Click here
      • Butterfly Monitoring: Principles and Methodology (PowerPoint) Click here
      • BUTTERFLIES OF LEBANON: A Student’s Pictorial Guide to Field Identificaton (PowerPoint) Click here


Reduced Effort Transect Butterfly Counts (Upcoming)


Point Observation Butterfly Counts (Upcoming)


Large Area Butterfly Counts (Upcoming)


Urban Garden Butterfly Counts (Upcoming)


Butterfly Egg Counts (Upcoming)


Butterfly Caterpillar Counts (Upcoming)


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