Attribution: Anton Croos (Wikipedia Creative Commons)
Lebanon has a diverse butterfly fauna, a result of its geological history and unique location between Africa, Asia, and Europe. There are at least 165 species of butterflies, a number a lot higher than that of nearly every other country in the Middle East and North Africa, and many countries in Europe. Forty-five of these species are endemics and near-endemics, and 20 are considered threatened or near threatened. Many are isolated alpine species living at high altitudes and on mountains, a result of Lebanon’s long history of glacial refugia. And an even larger number are eremics, found in drier parts of the country, which is increasing due to global warming and desertification. Lebanon, with its location on the Mediterranean, is also a source, transit stop, and destination of butterfly migration.
Please click on each butterfly species to read its individual description and view the images and videos. Photograph credits and licenses are clickable on each page. These field tools will help you identify butterflies in the wild. You want to know more? Please buy the books and visit the butterfly garden.